Melanoma is called the “queen” of cancer. Among all malignant tumors, it occupies a leading place in further prognosis for the patient. Melanoma is most often the lot of young people. People suffer from it both at 20 and at 40 years old. It is a misconception that skin cancer and inotyol ointment is a problem for the older generation, that people over 60 are at risk. At any age, it is necessary to be examined if there is an indication for this. If a mole makes itself felt: itches, hurts, tingles or redness appears around it – this is an absolute symptom of an urgent visit to the doctor, because in a normal state we do not notice moles and do not feel them.
Moles or nevi are on the body of each of us. It is believed that most of them, up to 90%, appear by the age of 25. But they can also arise later – under the influence of various events. For example, it is typical for them to literally spill out during pregnancy. Sometimes, on the other hand, moles disappear over time. They can be yellow, brown, black. This is all within the normal range, and there is nothing to worry about. But it happens that a mole begins to grow unevenly or changes color, its surface becomes “polished” or it begins to bleed – that is, changes occur in it. Another option is the appearance of a new mole of an unusual appearance. It is such incomprehensible neoplasms that require close attention.
The likelihood of developing melanoma depends on a number of factors. Some of them can be influenced by a person, while others do not depend in any way on our behavior. Among the latter are the characteristics of the organism, for example, the phototype of the skin. Without going into details, people with fair skin, light eye color, and red or blond hair are more likely to get sick. But melanoma is found even among dark-skinned people – none of the phototypes guarantees one hundred percent safety. The number of moles on the human body is also a risk factor – the more there are, the higher it is under other equal conditions.
How to recognize a dangerous mole
Doctors recommend that we regularly examine our bodies for strange moles or neoplasms. To make it easier to determine how typical or atypical a mole is, a special method has been developed called ABCDE. Each letter in this abbreviation denotes (in English) a key feature to watch out for.
A (asymmetry) – asymmetry. The mole grows unevenly to the side. Normally, if you draw an imaginary straight line through the middle of the mole, the halves will be symmetrical.
B (border irregularity) – rough edge. It can be cut, indistinct, and this is one of the signs of melanoma. Normally, a mole has smooth edges.
C (color) – color. Its heterogeneity, blotches of black, red, gray shades should alert. Normally, the mole is entirely the same color.
D (diameter) – diameter. If a mole is more than 6 mm in diameter (this is roughly the size of an eraser on the tip of a pencil), it requires the attention of a specialist.
E (evolving) – variability. This means the variability of any characteristic: color, shape, size – all this is a reason to pay a visit to a dermatologist. Normally, moles remain unchanged throughout life.
Everyone, without exception, should examine their moles more or less regularly, but there is a category of people who need to triple their attention to them. These are primarily those whose relatives suffered from melanoma or other oncological diseases, and those who have already had suspicious moles removed. If there are alarming symptoms, the doctor may prescribe a dermatoscopy and even make an individual photo map of moles. The device takes pictures of them, and then a special program creates a diagram of their location on the body.