High cholesterol: when to see a cardiologist

Cholesterol is a waxy substance that circulates in the blood of any person. Cholesterol and https://pillintrip.com/medicine/insumed is often talked about as something very harmful, but it is not. Every cell in our body needs it. Although too much cholesterol can cause problems.

We get cholesterol in two ways: the required amount is produced by the liver and additionally absorbed from food. Cholesterol is usually divided into “good” and “bad”, although in fact it is one. Good and bad are lipoproteins – these are its compounds with other substances.

“Bad” refers to low-density lipoproteins (LDL). They can form deposits on the walls of blood vessels, due to which they lose their elasticity and narrow.

“Good” refers to high-density lipoproteins (HDL). It is believed that they perform the function of cleaners – they carry away part of the “bad” cholesterol from the bloodstream to the liver, where it is broken down.

If the level of cholesterol is not controlled, then the bad can become too much, and the good can be too little. Because of this, the risk of accumulation of cholesterol and other compounds on the walls of large arteries increases – atherosclerosis. These deposits make it difficult for blood to move, and can also suddenly break off and form a blood clot that can cause a heart attack or stroke.

As blood cholesterol increases, so does the health risk, but the condition has no symptoms. That’s why it’s important to be aware of his level.

Caring for your cholesterol levels has three steps

Pass the analysis to check its level.
Your doctor may suggest testing if you suspect high cholesterol levels. At risk are people over 40, with cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, overweight, diabetes, or a family history.

Change the diet and habits that affect its level.
The main causes of high cholesterol are fatty foods, lack of exercise, overweight, alcohol and cigarette abuse, and heredity.

You can start changing with your diet: eat more unsaturated fats (fish, fruits and vegetables, nuts) and less saturated fats (pastries, sausage, cakes). Or add physical activity to your life: brisk walking, running, swimming and cycling will do.

Monitor its level with a cardiologist.
If cholesterol levels do not go down after diet and lifestyle changes, or if there is a high risk of heart attack, medications will be needed. The most common drugs are statins. They reduce the amount of cholesterol the body produces. But they are not suitable for everyone, so only a doctor can prescribe the drug.

The control of cholesterol in the blood is a necessary care for the body. Don’t delay visiting your doctor to check your cholesterol levels.

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